PLANT, noun [Latin planta; splendeo, splendor.]
1. A vegetable; an organic body, destitute of sense and spontaneous motion, adhering to another body in such a manner as to draw from it its nourishment, and having the power of propagating itself by seeds; ‘whose seed is in itself.’ Genesis 1:1. This definition may not be perfectly correct, as it respects all plants, for some marine plants grow without being attached to any fixed body.
The woody or dicotyledonous plants consist of three parts; the bark or exterior coat, which covers the wood; the wood which is hard and constitutes the principal part; and the pith or center of the stem. In monocotyledonous plants, the ligneous or fibrous parts, and the pithy or parenchymatous, are equally distributed through the whole internal substance; and in the lower plants, funguses, sea weed, etc. the substance is altogether parenchymatous. By means of proper vessels, the nourishing juices are distributed to every part of the plant In its most general sense, plant comprehends all vegetables, trees, shrubs, herbs, grasses, etc. In popular language, the word is generally applied to the smaller species of vegetables.
2. A sapling.
4. The sole of the foot. [Little used.]
Sea-plant, a plant that grows in the sea or in salt water; sea weed.
Sensitive plant a plant that shrinks on being touched, the mimosa.
PLANT, verb transitive To put in the ground and cover, as seed for growth; as, to plant maiz.
1. To set in the ground for growth, as a young tree or a vegetable with roots.
2. To engender; to set the germ of any thing that may increase.
It engenders choler, planteth anger.
3. To set; to fix.
His standard planted on Laurentum’s towers.
4. To settle; to fix the first inhabitants; to establish; as, to plant a colony.
5. To furnish with plants; to lay out and prepare with plants; as, to plant a garden or an orchard.
6. To set and direct or point; as, to plant cannon against a fort.
7. To introduce and establish; as, to plant Christianity among the heathen.
PLANT, verb intransitive To perform the act of planting.
Webster’s Dictionary, 1828 Version